Tradition held that blue colored ducks were exceptionally hardy, superior meat producers, and difficult for predators to see, making this type duck popular in Europe for centuries. Blue ducks that became the foundation stock of the blue Swedish duck were reported in Pomerania in 1835, which at that time was part of the Kingdom of Sweden, but today straddles northeast Germany and Northwest Poland. Swedish ducks were imported into North America in 1884 and included in the American Standard of Perfection in 1904. Since then they have been raised in modest numbers as general-purpose farm ducks as well as pets, decoration, and exhibition.
The Swedish is a medium sized bird that weighs between 6 1/2 and 8 pounds. It has an oval head, medium length bill nearly straight along its top line, and a stocky body with a carriage approximately 20 degrees above horizontal. The plumage of both the duck and drake is a uniform bluish slate, with a white bib. However, the drake's head is a dark blue with a greenish bill while the duck's head and bill are the same blue slate color of the body. The legs of both sexes are reddish-brown, with irregular markings of greyish-black. The American Standard specifies that the outer two or three wing flight feathers must be white, but this difficult specification has discouraged many breeders, and is unimportant for general use. While Blue is the only Standard variety, Swedish ducks also come in Black, Silver, Chocolate and Splashed color patterns.
The Swedish is a utility breed which matures fairly slowly and provides well-flavored meat. The Blue Swedish prefers to forage in orchards or paddocks, and grass and natural foods assist in the development of succulent flesh. In confinement they do not thrive as well (Batty, 1985) Swedish will lay 100 to 150 white, green, or blue tinted eggs yearly. Typically they have calm temperaments and make fine pets.
When choosing breeders, select vigorous, solid, well-muscled birds with strong legs. Avoid short, narrow, or shallow bodies, narrow heads, and excessively long bills. They are found in the Watch category of The Livestock Conservancy’s Conservation Priority List. With their foraging capacity, pleasing personality and tasty meat, this lovely bird would make a beautiful and useful addition to your flock.