Bubbles Feathered Beauties

Quality, well cared for and very loved feathered beauties raised right

Medical Issues and Causes

Wry Neck

 
Crook Neck, Torticollis, Stargazing, Twisted Neck, Limber Neck


 
Wry neck is not an illness itself but rather a symptom used to describe an abnormal head and neck position. Other commonly used slang terms include 'twisted neck', 'stargazing', limber neck', 'crook neck', and 'crooked neck'. The correct scientific term is actually torticollis. Wry neck causes the bird's head and neck to appear twisted and tilted. Depending on the cause, affected birds may initially be unable to hold their head up on their own.
 
Can occur at any age; however it is most frequently seen in newly hatched chicks.
 
Incorrect incubation parameters 


Poor nutritional diet 


Adult breeder chickens that do not receive additional nutrients needed for chicks
(often occurs when fed food intended for laying hens)
or 
when just feeding scratch feed
 
 
 
Wry Neck in Chicks


 In newly hatched chicks, wry neck may develop due to nutritional deficiencies, genetics, and incubation problems. 

These include: Deficiency in vitamins, often as a result of breeder chickens having a deficiency. 

Chicks malpositioned in the egg during incubation. 

These birds also may have difficulty hatching without intervention. 

It occurs when the embryo experiences greater muscle pull on one side of the neck, which together with pressure from the amnion, resulting in the ‘apparent’ skeletal deformity.

 In some cases a chick may simply possess a genetic defect in their bloodlines (inbreed chickens). 

Since wry neck prevents the chicken from being able to eat or drink on it's own, the bird can starve or become dehydrated leading to death without assistance and supportive care.
 
 
 
Wry Neck in Adult Chickens 


There are multiple causes of wry neck in chickens. 

Vitamin deficiencies. 

Head trauma 

Botulism 

Newcastle disease 

Fowl cholera (FC)

 Avian encephalomyelitis (AE) 

Aspergillosis Marek’s disease (MD)

 Listeriosis Ear infection
 
 
 

Treatment


Supplemental vitamins  :    Provide oral vitamin-B-12 and vitamin-E rich food sources or oral supplements.

Habitat management  :    Separate bird from the rest of the flock  in a warm and quiet environment.

 
 
 

Prevention 


Feed a well-balanced diet appropriate for the birds age group and type


 Only purchase eggs from reputable breeders


 Biosecurity

A good Vitamin Boost for freshly hatched babies or birds that are lacking in vitamins is PolyViSol Without Iron.  You can add this to their water.  It is commonly used for babies with wry neck or waterfowl lacking Niacin.

Poly-Vi-Sol Without Iron