Guineafowl are birds of the family Numididae in the order Galliformes. They are endemic to the continent of Africa and rank among the oldest of the gallinaceous birds. They are phylogenetically intermediate between peafowl and the Odontophoridae.
They are a crazy hilarious game bird with very crazy antics. They are not calm like most chickens and are a very nervous bird that can be very loud at times so if you are wanting a quiet bird a guinea is not for you as they chatter all the time. They also always seem to be on the go somewhere . They are known for keeping venomous snakes at bay and are a great help if you have ants, ticks or fleas.
Compared to a chicken, guinea fowl are low-cost and low-maintenance, and do a standout job as chemical-free pest control.
Sexing guineas is not easy to do by looking at the birds, although in older adults the helmet and wattles of the males are usually larger. The easiest way to sex them is by voice. Both males and females make a single syllable, machine-gunlike alarm call, but only the females have a two syllable call. It sounds like they're saying "buck-wheat." When they are in a large flock it can be very hard to distinguish who is saying what so unless you have a small flock of them it is almost impossible to tell which is which.
When you get new guineas, don't let them out right away or they may very well disappear down the street. The best way to acclimate them is to pen them where they can see the area where they'll be living. After they've been penned for a week or two, let one out. Guineas seem to do best in flocks of 8 to 12 and Guineas hate to be alone, so that one won't go far, but it will learn its way around your place. After a few days, let another out to run with it. If they stay around it's usually safe to let the rest out soon thereafter. I use this same method with Peafowl, letting a new hen out before the male as the hens are more social. This still does not guarantee that they will stay around.
Do not confine male guineas with chickens if there are roosters in the same flock. If the birds have free range during the day it's OK to keep them in the same coop at night, and even for a while if they're confined because of a storm or something or are still very young, the male guineas will run the roosters ragged and keep them from food and water. They can be very territorial over their flock towards birds.
A baby guinea is called a "keet". A domestic guinea hen lays seasonally, just as her wild cousins do. The female guinea is not known for being a great mom and will abandon her keets which in turn most will die. If you want to raise Guinea, it is best to incubate the eggs which incubation ranges from 24 to 28 days. On average the incubation period is 26 to 28 days.
Guineas like to roost up high on something at night, usually in trees and it doesn't take very long and the new babies can fly up just as high as the parents.